environmental pollution

Kind of environmental pollution

Based on the environmental pollution, an outline of environmental pollution can be grouped into water, land and air.

1. Water pollution
In the governance of human life, lots of water play an important role, among others, for drinking, cooking, washing, and bathing. Besides ituair also needed to irrigate the rice fields, farm, industry, and many more.
Action in the fulfillment of human daily activities have not deliberately manambah amount of inorganic material in the water and contaminate the water. For example, the discharge of detergent to the water can reflect on the organisms in the water.
Fertilization of land with rice field or farm-made fertilizers, kemudianmasuk to akanmenyebabkan the growth of water plants that are not restrained or eutrofikasi called Blooming. Some types of plants, such as alga, drawing water, and water hyacinth will grow and cover the fertile surface waters so that sunlight does not penetrate water smpai basis. As a result, the existing plants under the surface can not be berfotositesis so that the oxygen content in water terlarut be reduced.

Chemicals, like pesticides or DDT (Dikloro Difenil Trikloroetana), which are often used by farmers to eradicate pest plants can also reflect on the plants and other organisms. If the ecosystem of the pollution occurred, or pesticides DDT, there will be a flow of DDT.

2. Pollution of land
Land is a place where different types of living plants, including danmahluk other human life. Quality of land can be reduced because the process of erosion by water that flows so kesuburannya akan reduced. In addition, the declining quality of land can also be caused by solid waste that contaminate soil.

According to sources, solid waste can come from household waste (domestic), industry and natural (plant). Meanwhile, by type, waste can be divided into oraganik waste and inorganic waste. Organic waste derived from the remnants makhlukhidup, such as leaves, dead animals, and paper. The waste anoraganik usually come from industrial waste, such as plastic, and metal cans.

Oraganik waste in general and canker easily destroyed by microorganisms in the soil. The inorganic waste is not easily destroyed so that it can reduce the quality of the soil.

3. Air pollution
Air tercemar said if the air is unsure-containing elements that pollute the air. Form pencemar air manifold, the gas and have shaped the form of liquid or solid particles.

1) Pencemar shaped air gas
Some of the gas with the amount exceeds the limit of environmental tolerance, and kelingkungan incoming air, can disrupt the life of living creatures. Pencemar air in the gas is carbon monoxide, sulfur compound (H2S and SO2), nitrogen compound (NO2), and choloflourocarbon (CFC).
CO2 content of unduly high in the air can meyebabkan temperature in the earth's surface can be increased and the respiratory system. CO gas content of more than 100 ppm in the blood can damage the nervous system and can cause death. H2S and SO2 gas can join the particles of water and cause acid rain. Toxication NO2 can cause respiratory system disturbances, paralysis, and death. Meanwhile, the CFC can cause damage to the ozone layer in the atmosphere.
Pencemar air forming liquid or solid particles
Particles which contaminate the air in the form of liquid or solid. Particles in a liquid form of dots or water fog. Fog can cause shortness of breath if terhirup kedalamparu tuberculosis.
In the form of solid particles can be dust or ashes vulkanik. In addition, it can also come from living creatures, such as bacteria, spore, virus, pollen, or insects that have died. Particles is a source of disease that can disrupt the human health.
Particles which contaminate the air comes from burning gasoline. Gasoline used in vehicles are usually mixed with the compound timbale that pembakarannya fast engine to run more perfect. Timbale akan klor react with bromine and form particles PbCIBr. Particles will be dihamburkan by vehicle through the air to exhaust so that it will contaminate the air.


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